Biting and Stinging Pests

Wasp

Wasp
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The following characteristics are present in most wasps:

Two pairs of wings (except wingless or brachypterous forms in all female Mutillidae, Bradynobaenidae, many male Agaonidae, many female Ichneumonidae, Braconidae, Tiphiidae, Scelionidae, Rhopalosomatidae, Eupelmidae, and various other families).
An ovipositor, or stinger (which is only present in females because it derives from the ovipositor, a female sex organ).
Few or no thickened hairs (in contrast to bees); except Mutillidae, Bradynobaenidae, Scoliidae.
Nearly all wasps are terrestrial; only a few specialized parasitic groups are aquatic.
Predators or parasitoids, mostly on other terrestrial insects; most species of Pompilidae (e.g. tarantula hawks), specialize in using spiders as prey, and various parasitic wasps use spiders or other arachnids as reproductive hosts.