Spinach
Symptom Cause  
Leaves wrinkled or curled; discolored, stunted, tend to fall off
Aphids
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Young seedling pulled and partly eaten
Birds
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Yellowish, curled leaves; stunted leaves and plants
Blight (fungus)
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Holes in leaves
Cabbage Loopers
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Plant chewed to soil
Deer
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In moist areas, leaves develop yellow spots with fuzzy purplish growth beneath
Downy Mildew
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Tiny, black hopping insect, holes in foliage
Flea Beetles
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Reddish tissue on stalks and leaves; yellowing of foliage
Fusarium Wilt
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White butterflies; ragged holes in leaves, bit of green excrement on leaves
Imported Cabbageworms
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Tip of leaves brown, larvae trails visible.
Leaf Miners
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Leaves curl, yellow or brown, brittle
Leafhoppers
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Leaves mottled yellow and green, raised dark areas; plant stunted
Mosaic Viruses
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Plants stunted, yellow
Nematodes
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Plant chewed to soil
Rabbits
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Leaves notched; roots chewed
Root Weevils
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Orange or brown pustules on leaves
Rust (on plants)
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Plant chewed to soil
Squirrels
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Plant chewed to soil
Woodchucks
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