Club Root


Remove the whole plant. Plants spores can survive for 20 or more years in soil, so next planting choose resistant varieties and in planting area fill with clean compost to allow roots to develop well before coming into contact with the disease.


Symptoms above the soil may not be seen. When infected, foliage symptoms may be stunting, yellowing, wilting, and other signs of a non functioning root system. Extensive galling, swelling, and distortion of the roots are the main symptoms of this disease. Galled and clubbed roots are often invaded by secondary rot organisms such as soft rot bacteria; this results in the fast decaying of roots, further decline of infected plants, and release of disease into the soil.